Industrial Diagnostics & Prognostics

Industry 4.0 is the response of modern industry to the information age. Its defining component is the central role of data analytics. Though, this involves a rather wide spectrum, one of the primary focii is sensor analytics. Sensor analytics refers to the acquisition, preprocessing, analysis, visualization of various sensor data (which is closely linked to Internet-Of-Things) to generate added value for the industry from manufacturing systems to resource/cost optimization and improved end-user services (eg. via connected consumer products). This project focuses on high quality (vibration, acoustic, energy) sensor data acquisition and analysis for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. The specific questions tackled with include faulty product detection, machine health monitoring and anomaly detection, remaining useful life estimation and predictive/prescriptive maintenance.

Related Publications



Anomaly Triggered Remaining Useful Life Estimation
Gurkan Aydemir

Estimating remaining useful life (RUL) of industrial systems based on their degradation data is very critical. Machine learning models are powerful and very popular tools for estimating time to failure of such industrial systems. RUL is assumed to linearly decrease function with time and be equal to zero at the time of failure. However, RUL is ill-defined in the absence of degradation. State-of-art methods address this problem by setting a maximum RUL value and assuming constant RUL beyond this maximum.

In this study, a system level model based on anomaly triggering is proposed to estimate RUL of industrial machinery. In this approach, raw sensor data is monitored for degradation onset point via an anomaly detection method (cumulative sum (CUSUM) control chart in the experiments). When a change is detected, it is taken as the degradation onset point, and then the RUL of the system is estimated with a data-driven model. The efficiency of the proposed architecture is verified using a in-house simulation and a popular benchmark data. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed model decreases the computational complexity and increases the accuracy of RUL estimation.

Automated Electrical Motor Quality Control via Machine Learning Based Vibration Analysis
Sibel Senturk

This thesis proposes an automated, machine learning powered vibration analysis pipeline for quality control of  Brushless Direct Current (BLDC) motors against mechanical failures. To overcome the practical bottlenecks of deploying an automated vibration analysis system in real settings,  such as the challenges in proper and reliable data collection by an automated robotic system, we propose a Double-Stage AI-Powered Quality Control (dAIQC). dAIQC is composed of two stages where the first stage is a binary signal quality classifier and the second stage is composed of two mechanical failure detectors, each of which is specifically trained for the two classes of the first stage. In experiments with a dataset of 671 samples, dAIQC achieved an accuracy of 92.9% (as opposed to 84.9% with a single stage version) in a cross-validation study. Furthermore, in a blind study on 25580 samples (without data quality labels) where the first stage was not re-trained, dAIQC achieved an accuracy of 89.5% (as opposed to 73.5% with a single stage version)